Since the beginning of the full-scale war in Ukraine, at least 2,500 scientists have left Russia, according to the publication “Novaya gazeta Evropa”, which studied data from the ORCID database, which combines information on 20 million scientists around the world.
From 2012 to 2021, the share of scientific employees who changed their workplace from Russian to foreign remained at the level of 10%. In 2022, the share of scientists who moved abroad increased to 30%. According to the observation of the publication, most often young scientists left the country.
“The largest outflow — 23% of all departed scientists, which can be seen in our data — fell on Moscow universities: HSE, Moscow State University, Skolkovo, MIPT,” the journalists noted. Among St. Petersburg universities, ITMO and St. Petersburg State University are leading in terms of outflow.
Israel, Kazakhstan and Germany turned out to be the most popular destinations for the migration of scientists after the invasion of Ukraine. Also, the USA remains in the top in terms of popularity, but the number of people who moved there after February 24, 2022 has decreased.
According to an expert in the field of scientific sociology interviewed by Novaya Gazetay Evropa, the full extent of the losses of scientific workers in Russia will be possible to estimate only in a few years.