What vaccinations should be done to protect the baby. The answer of the Ministry of Health

What vaccinations should be done to protect the baby.  The answer of the Ministry of Health

The first step to strengthening the immunity of a newborn is vaccinations, which should also not be forgotten and given to the close environment. Which vaccination should not be skipped – reported in the Ministry of Health.

In addition to observing hand hygiene, isolation of patients and breastfeedingparents and other adults should check and update vaccinations against the most dangerous infectious diseases for babies.

All this will allow you to create a kind of “cocoon” that will protect the child, the ministry notes.

Among the diseases for which adults should be vaccinated are pertussis, influenza, chicken pox, measles, meningococcal and pneumococcal infections.

Vaccination of some of them is carried out in accordance with National calendar of preventive vaccinationsothers should be updated every year.

Authors of the “Take care of yourself” platform told about these diseases, as well as the risks associated with their course.

Whooping cough

The disease, the causative agent of which is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, has strong and long-lasting symptoms cough, is especially dangerous for babies. The disease can lead to respiratory arrest (in 68% of cases), pneumonia (in 22% of cases), convulsions, brain damage due to lack of oxygen, and even death.

It is recommended to be vaccinated against whooping cough not only to family members, but also to the child’s mother during pregnancy. Vaccination can be done at your own expense or at a family doctor.


This acute viral disease is particularly dangerous for children under 1 year of age, as it causes complications such as pneumonia, dehydration, brain dysfunction, and has a high mortality rate.

Get vaccinated against the flu worth every year, given the constant changes in the flu virus. Vaccination free of charge for people at risk. These are people over 60 years old, children from 6 months old, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases, as well as from the professional risk group – doctors, teachers, salespeople, etc.


The infection is extremely easily spread by airborne droplets and can threaten newborns with pneumonia, encephalitis (inflammation of the meninges), dehydration and blood infection.

Vaccination from chicken pox not included in the National calendar of preventive vaccinations, which are mandatory. But you can get vaccinated by purchasing the vaccine at your own expense.


Measles – a viral disease that in some cases causes pneumonia, inflammation of the meninges, blindness, dehydration and severe diarrhea.

Vaccination it is possible both for free in public institutions and at one’s own expense.

Meningococcal infection

Meningococcal infection covers a whole range of diseases of varying complexity — from nasopharyngitis (runny nose) to sepsis (blood infection). The way of transmission of the disease is direct contact. In its most dangerous form, the disease is asymptomatic. The carrier can transmit the pathogen to people who are at risk, in particular, newborns.

Bacterial meningitis in children is severe and has serious consequences for health.

Adults can purchase the vaccine at their own expense and be vaccinated once.

Pneumococcal infection

The disease is the most common cause of complications of viral infections in children. Most often, the infection occurs in children under 2 years of age.

Like meningococcus, pneumococcal infection transmitted through direct contact and can be asymptomatic in adults.

Free vaccination in public health care institutions is not provided.

“Take care of yourself” notes that in the first time after the birth of a child, its immunity does not provide full protection. The need to vaccinate the environment is also caused by the fact that vaccination is carried out at a certain age, for measles, for example, at 12 months. Until then, the baby is deprived of the opportunity to receive more effective protection against infections.

“Remember: the rule “it’s better to get sick when the little ones” doesn’t apply. The earlier a child is infected with these infections, the more difficult it will be for him to cope due to an immature immune system. The disease can lead to serious complications and lifelong health consequences, noted in the ministry.

Earlier we wrote about why vaccines are safer from diseases and how to vaccinations are treated by doctors various specialties.

Anna Kovalenko, “UP. Life”

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