In most cases, testicular cancer is diagnosed in boys and men aged 15-45.
In order to prevent the appearance of the disease, it is important to regularly conduct self-examination.
This type of oncology is well amenable to treatment, especially in the early stages – reports the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
|Photo: Maskot/Getty Images|
How to perform a self-examination of the testicles:
- The procedure is best performed during or immediately after a warm shower or bath.
- Stand in front of a mirror. Check for swelling on the skin of the scrotum.
- Feel each testicle with both hands: hold the testicle between the thumb and middle finger, gently “roll” it.
What you should pay attention to:
- Look for hard lumps or nodules or any changes in the size or shape of the testicles.
- The testicles should be smooth and firm to the touch.
- There should be no pain during self-examination.
There is no need to panic if:
- One testicle seems slightly larger than the other, or hangs lower – this is normal.
- Each healthy testicle has a small coiled tube called the epididymis. It can be felt as a small lump on the upper or middle outer side of the testicle.
- Healthy testicles have blood vessels that support tissue and tubes that “carry” sperm. It is easy to confuse them with abnormal compaction
If you find something unusual, consult a doctor. After all, the testicle can increase in size for many reasons, in addition to cancer.
In what cases can the testicles increase:
- Fluid can accumulate around the testicle, forming a hydrocele – a pathological process characterized by the accumulation of fluid between the membranes of the testicle.
- Also, veins in the testicle can expand and cause enlargement and formation of “lumps”.
We will remind you that earlier we wrote how to wash boys, and what are the signs that everything is not in order with the child’s genital organ.
Read also: “8 facts about male testicles that everyone should know”
Iryna Bura, UP. Life