Due to the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation into Ukraine, the number of Ukrainians who gained the experience of being in a combat zone increased from 18% to 44%.
Traumatic experiences (difficult memories), social interaction stressors (conflicts, lack of support, discrimination) and personal actions, as well as deterioration of living conditions, health problems and threats to life caused by war, cause the greatest stress to people.
The most important resources for combating stress are communication in matters outside the main job, leisure and work, according to a study by the Sociological Group “Rating”.
Sociologists say that interaction with loved ones is indeed satisfied at the necessary level among the majority of the population, but the need for leisure and work is satisfied much worse.
“If we consider individual psychological resources, the strongest of them are general activity (labor and social), as well as optimism. The situation is much worse with emotional stability and a sense of control over the situation.”says the study.
If we assess the level of psychological distress, the current situation is comparable to the second half of 2020, when the population of Ukraine was waiting for another wave of the coronavirus.
About 69% of respondents demonstrate a normal level of psychological distress, 21% – elevated, 10% – high.
According to the prevalence, individual stress states can be ordered as follows (from the least common to the most common):
- hostility as impulsivity and aggression;
- depression as depression and longing;
- somatization as bodily discomfort;
- interpersonal sensitivity as low self-esteem and vulnerability;
- anxiety as tension, fear and bad premonitions;
- exhaustion as a decline in physical and mental capabilities;
- paranoid ideas such as suspiciousness, mistrust and blaming others.
There are three value pillars on which individual life is now supported interpersonal relationships, morality and knowledge.
The survey was conducted by the Sociological group “Rating” on the order of the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine throughout Ukraine (except the occupied territories of Crimea and Donbas) on October 6-10, 2023.
2767 respondents took part in it.
The sample represents residents of Ukraine aged 18 to 69 who use a smartphone (approximately 74% of the adult population of Ukraine).
The sample does not include Ukrainians who are not currently in Ukraine.
The sampling error with a confidence probability of 0.95 and taking into account the design effect is ±2.1%. The respondents’ reach rate is 9.5%.
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