The Ministry of Health denied the information about the outbreak of scarlet fever in Kyiv. Only isolated cases have been recorded.
According to the Ministry of Health, in 10 months of this year, 375 cases of scarlet fever were registered in Kyiv. 372 of them are children under 17 years old.
“Isolated cases of scarlet fever are recorded in different groups and classes and are typical among diseases that are registered every year in the country. Anti-epidemic measures in schools have been strengthened“, the department said in a statement.
Specialists of the capital’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention conducted an epidemiologic investigation of recorded cases: they examined the circle of contact persons and informed educational institutions about anti-epidemic measures.
The Ministry of Health emphasizes that currently the dynamics of the disease do not indicate an outbreak.
Symptoms of scarlet fever
Scarlet fever is an acute infectious disease that is manifested by damage to the oropharyngeal tonsils and a characteristic rash.
In most cases, the disease begins suddenly: a sore throat develops, the tongue first “whitens” and becomes bright red by the 4th day of the disease. A characteristic rash appears on the patient’s skin – small bright pink or red spots that often itch.
Children aged 1 to 9 years are most often affected. The way of infection is airborne – during coughing, sneezing and even talking with a sick person.
There is no vaccination against scarlet fever, but after a person gets sick, immunity is produced, the Ministry of Health says.
The disease can have a mild, moderate or severe course.
With a mild form, the symptoms of intoxication of the body are weakly expressed, there is no vomiting.
In the case of a severe form, the onset of the disease is accompanied by high fever, vomiting, and sometimes diarrhea. Dizziness, cerebral edema and even coma are possible.
Patients with scarlet fever are prescribed a course of antibiotics.
If an antibiotic was not prescribed, isolation should continue for 21 days.
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